Annoying time thief with 18 letters? Literature! It does not have to be – with these expert tips you will roll through even the most boring books in no time at all and save the content
Efficient reading means that you do not read everything equally fast, but consciously vary both the speed of reading and the intensity of reading. For example, there is a procedure that is known as PQRST and consists of the following work steps.
Preview is the preview of the text to get you in the mood for the reading process.
Question: Who asks little, gets little answers. The best way to read is not just to jump on it, according to the motto> everything is important <, but to ask yourself what you want to extract from the text, what is important for the current reading goal.
Read: Do not immediately question and write out comments. That should happen in the next step. First of all, it’s about understanding the key statements of the author, then you can classify the individual thoughts better. When reading speed vary according to difficulty and importance. Tip for the difficult texts: rather twice in quick succession and without jumping back to read as slow and with the claim to have to understand everything immediately. If necessary, you go in a few paragraphs: read a paragraph quickly and completely (no cross-reading), so you know roughly what it is about. After that, focus again and more on the details.
How good is your lecturer?
Summarize: To summarize the text means to mark the most important passages (only one main thought per paragraph). To prepare for the exam, you should spend more time writing out excerpts or creating a mind map.
Test: Testing starts with just looking at the notes again. It is not important to repeat as often as possible, but intelligently: The first repetition should be done in time for the first reading, preferably on the same evening – already 24 hours later, more than half have been forgotten. From then on, the intervals between repeats can become ever larger. By the way, the best way to test yourself is to tell others about it in your own words. In general, it makes sense to learn together with others: the exchange in the group increases the emotional connection with learning – and this enhances the ability to remember.
Four instant tips for efficient reading
When thoughts wander: read faster. Do you know that? The eyes glide over the page, but the thoughts are somewhere else … and in the end you have to read everything again. A typical consequence of mental underwear demands due to slow reading! We can process information at up to 800 to 1,000 words per minute, but most people only read 200 to 300 words per minute: Three-quarters of the brain’s capacity is occupied with reading other things. The next time you are unfocused, just deliberately read faster.
Never jump into the text without> preview <(Preview). With a look-ahead, you can quickly see the meaning of a text for you: page through it page by page and catch your eyes by striking text passages. Stay a few seconds on each page, do not stick in the text. This is confusing at first, but in time you’ll be surprised at how much of the content you’re picking up, just by looking at headlines, bolds, bulleted lists, long or unusual words. If the text looks for you after the forecast, your reading goals and questions will become clearer and you will be able to read faster and more goal-oriented.
Your interest is pulling you forward. Constant springback blocks both speed and understanding. Orient yourself as you read and always pick up a section of meaning as a whole (chapter, paragraph). At the earliest then you should read or mark individual places again. You read difficult texts from the outset quickly twice in succession. With an exciting novel, you sink into the text in such a way that you do not even get the idea of constantly jumping back from insecurity or perfectionism. Conversely, a faster reading speed increases the interest in the text almost automatically, because the brain is more demanding.
‘Chunken’ instead of word-by-word reading. As a normal reader, one usually jumps from one word to the next – this takes time and hampers the understanding that is not so quickly revealed by isolated words. “Chunken” means to record several words at the same time (“chunk”, big chunks). It requires fewer eye-stops (fixations), and you read more for meanings, instead of “fumbling” symbols : (over) – (the) – (city) = three fixations, only on the third time does the meaning arise. Better: (above the city) = a fixation, meaning captured immediately.